Wind Power Market

Posted by marmara on November 2, 2011

Alternative energy has recently demonstrated the rapid development worldwide. This is due to rising oil prices, the current problems of energy security concerns and a growing number of people challenge climate change. Wind power in recent years was the most financially-intensive alternative energy industry in the world. In this sector the energy produced by wind turbines – machines that convert wind energy into mechanical energy of a rotating propeller, and then into electrical energy. Are currently used in two basic designs of wind turbines: horizontal axis and vertical-axis wind turbines. Both types of wind turbines have roughly equal efficiency, but the most widely used wind generators of the first type. Power turbine can be hundreds of watts to several megawatts.

The principle of wind power can vary: some installation work in parallel with the network, others – are autonomous in the absence of a wired network. Among the isolated autonomous individual stations, which operate to supply one household. Group windmills connected network forms a wind farm. The total amount of installed wind energy in 2008 exceeded the capacity of 115 MW, about 60% of wind turbines installed in Europe. In the wind industry employs today 350 000 people worldwide.

The rapid development of wind energy in the world contributes to public policy in many countries. In Russia, for alternative energy accounts for only about 1% of power capacity, despite the fact that our country has a huge renewable energy potential. Poor development of the industry due to the complex of external factors – economic, technical, legal, psychological, and organizational information.

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