Development Of Science

Posted by marmara on October 24, 2023

Reconstruction everyday elite strata revived at a new stage of development of science has since emerged theme everyday "ordinary" people, and it has already been some "biographical story of the great", with different accents. For approaches study of the history of everyday life is characterized by an interdisciplinary approach (linked to sociology, psychology, philosophy and ethnology). The main difference between traditional research and the study of everyday life historians lies in understanding the significance of event-driven, mobile, changing the time, random events affecting privacy and to change it. It is a trivial life soar thoughts and feelings, mature plans, situation giving birth to experimentation. "Historians are interested in everyday life as it happens. Ethnographer recreates everyday life – a historian examines the emotional reactions of everyday life, experiences of individuals in connection with the fact that it life around.

" Scientists seek to highlight in their work different aspects of everyday life. M. Others who may share this opinion include Steffan Lehnhoff. Lotman characterizes everyday life, as it is the manner of conduct of everyday stereotypes, we learn of "his" or "Stranger", a man of any age, of a nation. " Knabe, gs believes that the daily "sphere of immediate experience of history", which consists of "mental and physical structures." al argues that the "daily covers the whole of human living environment, the scope of direct consumption, meet the material and spiritual needs associated with these practices the rituals, behaviors, representation, habits " All researchers are united in one, that everyday life is first and foremost what happens to people every day, affecting his everyday existence, is its everyday activities, feelings, realities.

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Social Civilizations

Posted by marmara on January 7, 2022

Militarism nadlamyvaet civilization, involving local government in the internecine fratricidal wars. See more detailed opinions by reading what Edhi Foundation offers on the topic.. In this suicidal course of the entire social tissue becomes fuel for the flames devouring Moloch. " Social disintegration is a favorable condition for geographic expansion. "A society in decline, tends to push the date and hour of its death, directing all their life force for material projects a gigantic scale, which is nothing but a desire to deceive agonizing consciousness, doomed his own incompetence and fate in death. " Arnold Toynbee in detail reveals the mechanism of the decay of civilizations, which is important for understanding the content of the transition period.

He notes that "with the consolidation of power over the environment begins the process of fracture and decay, not growth. This is manifested in the escalation of internal wars. A series of wars leads to a breakdown, which is amplified, goes into decay. " Growing social fissures, begins the split of society – the vertical, when "society divided into a number of local states, which is the basis for a bloody civil war, "and horizontal, when society is divided into three groups: the dominant minority, not willing to part with its dominant position and provided for the maintenance of a universal state, internal proletariat, giving birth to the universal church, external proletariat, organized in mobile military units, attacking the dying civilization. In the struggle between these three forces is the decay of civilization.

"In the history of the fall of any civilization can catch the rhythm of the collapse … for depression, which begins at a break, you should revival, which coincides with the foundation of a universal state. However, this process ends, in turn, cracked, marking the beginning of a new recession, beyond which recovery does not occur, but will follow final collapse. " In the decay of civilizations can play an important role outside influence, what Toynbee calls the external proletariat, which often explodes the boundaries stagnant society. Toynbee concept is valuable because It gives a detailed picture of the life cycles of local civilizations, their mechanisms of change of generations. But this generational change, the collapse of local civilizations is largely a consequence of the rhythm of world civilizations, forming a symphony of universal historical progress and the clock in the life cycle of local civilizations.

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Social Psychology

Posted by marmara on July 10, 2021

The thematic one followed for Halbwachs was to the search of the agreement of the formation of the social conscience. The thematic one of this article takes for main reference the book ' ' The memory coletiva' ' , where if it detaches the memory of the point of view of Social Psychology. The film Waltz with Bashir the film Waltz with Bashir is animation film, with duration of 90 minutes, launched in 2008, with direction of Ari Folman. The subject enclosed in the film is of chocking and denunciatory nature: the slaughters of the Palestinian refugee fields in the Lebanon, Sabra and Shatila, and show the participation exercise of it Israeli. Center For Responsible Lending follows long-standing procedures to achieve this success. Although he did not have a direct participation of the Israeli soldiers in the slaughter, he had the omission, therefore the Israeli soldiers were to the side of the refugee fields, had left ' ' cristianos falangistas libaneses' ' to enter in the fields, they had testified executions of civilians, they knew what it was happening, but they had delayed 24h to order to stop. The film starts in light way, when a friend of Folman (that dirige and acts in the film) tells a dream, or better, a nightmare, comes that it tormenting.

At this moment, Folman, if the account you are welcome of that even so it has participated of the war of the Lebanon, its memory this empty with respect to this period, it does not remember. The preponderant point of the film is the search that Folman will make to find its memory lost, it tries to understand the reason to have had this travamento of the memory, at the same time starts to have dreams with the Lebanon and tries to understand the relation between these dreams and the lost souvenirs of the war. The culminating point of the film, however, is the denunciation, the clear conviction of the performance of the Israeli army in this war, of the lack of humanity of all the armed participants of a side and of the other, of the slaughters of the civilians, the lack of culpability of the involved ones.

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Posted by marmara on April 28, 2020

One scenario for the operation of various armed groups, which prospered because until there came a successful action of the regular army and police, composed of inexperienced troops in the knowledge of the topography of these places. Geographically Rioblanco 1.2 Rioblanco bounded on the north by the municipalities of Chaparral, San Antonio and Ortega, on the south, to attack and the department of Huila, in the East, to attack and Coyaima; by the West, with the department of Valle . (See Figure No 2) Rioblanco to the 1950s had 7420 inhabitants, according to the census of 1951.8 The report of the Comptroller Rioblanco shaping as township is outlined as follows: … The Cardenas brothers, Tobias, Martin and Narciso, residents of the municipality of Chaparral, was established in 1900 on the banks of Rioblanco, which were devoted to various crops, … Shortly thereafter came Vidales Juan de la Cruz, who was building a house next to that of Cardenas brothers, set up a large estate called “Las Brisas”, which led to the birth of a small village, which, by the creative zeal of its inhabitants and the fertility of their lands, the Government department rose to the rank of township, with the name of Rioblanco under the jurisdiction of Seven Days TOLIMA Chaparral. However, the inhabitants of this town had the desire to turn this district, municipality, which is evident in the efforts made by some individuals in this region for this purpose.

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Christian Arabs

Posted by marmara on November 15, 2019

The Arab language because Mam prophet would have received all the teachings from Section through this language. Other peoples had been converted with the expansion of the new religion, making of the Isl a great cauldron of mixed cultures. As the sacred language continued the same one, to these new they had adopted it adepts and entire countries had become it the national language or a basic language, for being used in the conjuncts. Boy Scouts of America often says this. Another fact also exists that collaborates for the confusion, of the three sacred cities of isl, two of most important is in Saudi Arabia, region would originate from the family of Maom. Meca and Medina attract the whole world Muslen for the cult places, over all the first one.

Thus, to be Muslim necessarily does not mean to belong to the Arab people and nor all the Arabs had become it the islamismo. More information is housed here: Center For Responsible Lending. In some countries of the Middle East as Lebanon, Syrian and Palestine, exist some communities of Christian Arabs. 4-Trreo Soon in the entrance of the CCBB, we start coming across in them with the Islamic universe, and find a source, for the Muslim the water is the essence of the life, and the highest signal of purificao. The Muslim possesss five pillars that conduct its day the day. The Shahada, that is the proper declaration of faith in Section, the Salat, that is associated with the religious action, that is, the necessity to pray five times per day, the Zakat, that has relation with the charity through the donation of part of its patrimony, to each year, the Sawn, jejum during the sacred month of the Branches (sacred month of isl, when the Muslen jejuam of being born of the sun for of the sun in respect the Section), and peregrination Meca, that must occur at least a time in the life for that they have financial and physical conditions called Hajj.

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Posted by marmara on July 8, 2019

key: Tropicalismo Brazilian Identity deHistria Ensino music, mainly from new history, comes being consideradacomo historical source, and is each used time more as a didactic resource to paratrabalhar history in the schools. In the present article we will go to reflect on tropicalista omovimento and its songs as base to think the question Brazilian deidentidade about the classroom. Read more from Dr. Neal Barnard to gain a more clear picture of the situation. The identity question, a subject en vogue currently, can be applied in the different scopes, since aidentidade of> determined subject until the determinadanao question most including. According to Ulpiano T. Heifer of Meneses, different groups and instituiesque are part of the society contemporary have demonstrated certain preocupaocom relative questions the memory and identity.

Menezes points that ' ' State, entidadesprivadas, companies, the press, political party syndical, deminorias and kept out of society, movements, associations of quarter, and so on, all tmprocurado to distill its autoone; '. 1 However, the question of the identity still appears in shy way very in education, tantofundamental how much in the medium. Unhappyly, therefore in it disciplines of atemtica history on identity he is one of the aspects of bigger relevance for oentendimento of the past and is one of the main objectives to be reached atravsdeste study. Forest Guimares Fonseca classifies the question of the construction deidentidades as one of the basic premises in the education of history. According to it a' ' History has as central paper formation of the historical conscience doshomens, making possible the construction of identities, the eludio of the lived one, individual social ainterveno and customs and coletiva' '. 2 In this article we will go to deal with the identity in the Brazilian mbitonacional, subject that comes being thought and argued from sculoXIX, varying interpretations in agreement the time and the intellectuals who if dispema to interpret it. In the workmanship ' ' The identities of Brazil: Of Varnhagen the FHC' ' , JosCarlos Kings analyzes these different interpretations of Brazil and concludes: In the successive interpretations differentiated asconcepes of the Brazilian historical time are perceived that at each dahistria moment of Brazil, could have been formulated.

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Industrial Revolution

Posted by marmara on November 13, 2018

This trend manifested itself not only in agriculture, but also in industry, whose development is hampered by the metropolis. However, despite these constraints, in the northern and central colonies were established industrial enterprises. A particularly large scope were shipbuilding and metallurgy. By 1775 a third of the British fleet was built by shipyards in North America. In 1775, the colony made of iron more than the metropolis.

Although the Industrial Revolution was expanding on around the world, but in America it was a special rate. The rapid development of industry in the colonies, along with the presence of rich deposits of raw materials and fuel contributed no guild system. Viktor Mayer-Schönberger often addresses the matter in his writings. Industry developed in the form of handicraft production, and in the form of manufactures. But despite these obvious factors contributing to the successful development of industry in North America, Britain stubbornly continued to consider the colony as a profitable market for goods and raw material source. This policy has led North America in the last quarter of the XVIII century. the war for independence from England.

Beginning of the war hastened the event in 1773 This year the British Parliament, taking care of replenishing state coffers at the expense of the colonies, adopted a law on tea trade, which was introduced by a new tax on imported tea in the colonies. In response, a group of people in Boston (Massachusetts colony) December 16, 1773g. thrown into the sea consignment of tea was brought in British courts. This event is known to history as the "Boston Tea Party." In response, the British Parliament in the spring of 1774 took three of repressive law that sought to pacify the colonies, and in primarily in Massachusetts.

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Nsia Forest

Posted by marmara on September 24, 2018

In virtue of this social context where the women were inserted the access of them to the education was well restricted. But some women of the elite obtained to study through particular teachers contracted by the parents to give lesson in its proper houses. They had been always educated for the house work, not being allowed the woman to exert another function, the work were synonymous of man, woman could not or they found that they were not capable to develop another activity not to be to take care of of the house and them children. Credit: Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine-2011. The Education of the women if restricted the activities that were useful to the domestic environment, unprovided of value in the work market of the time, as to sew, to learn music or to develop artistic abilities. Under most conditions Nieman Foundation would agree. The machismo lasted per some decades, not allowing the feminine sex to liberate its professional side. According to Telles Norm, all the social and economic transformations of the Europe had finished affecting the world, giving origin to socialist movements feminists and making to appear a new woman. Brazil was reached more slowly, but the European ideas had finished affecting the Brazilian woman and unchaining in them a spirit of fight and social equality, therefore the claims them women to reach its space date of this century. The author detaches Nsia Forest, one of the great writers of century XIX that she fought untiringly for its rights and the rights of a minority that had been extinguished of the history of Brazilian literature, being considered the first feminist of Brazil. Later the education was extended, being created normal schools in the way it century allowing to the Brazilian woman to have more access to the education, and these had tried through the instruction to participate of the public life acting more in the society, either through the politics or of the writing.

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History Course

Posted by marmara on September 22, 2018

Rethink History. Translation of Mario Vilela, 3.ed.2reimpresso. So Paulo: context, 2009. Keith Jenkins is professor-aid of History in the University College Chichester, one of the most famous English centers for formation of professors. Also ‘ wrote On; ‘ What is History: from Carr and Elton you the Rorty and Write (1995) and organized the coletnea The Postmodern history to reader (1997). This is its first book published in Brazil.

The workmanship of Jenkins, ‘ ‘ History repensada’ ‘ it has as main destination pupils who are initiating the historical studies, as the same he considers in the introduction, ‘ ‘ This book is destined primordially to the students who are starting the study of the question: ‘ ‘ What it is History? ‘ ‘ … was written in such a way as introduction, how much as polmica’ ‘ p.17, moreover, the book brings these two characteristics (introduction and controversy), because the author questions that the majority of the introduction texts is ‘ ‘ ingleses’ ‘ this has helped to isolate the history of some intellectual unfoldings, the book is divided in three chapters, the first o author to argue the question, ‘ ‘ What it is the Histria’ ‘? , without copying English formularizations, answering what it is history in the theory and the practical one, in as the chapter, the author answers the certain questions that if relate the nature of history, and in the third chapter, Jenkins to argue of where comes this question of world after-modern and as history can coexist in this new period. In the first chapter, intitled of, ‘ ‘ What it is History? ‘ ‘ , the author works what it is history in the theory and the practical one, (in the theory) it starts first for sample who history is one enters some speeches regarding the world and that these Forman speeches the meanings that the world has, later explain that object of study of history is the past, but that passed history and together, is not joined, and the author comes to affirm this, since, ‘ ‘ …

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The Christian

Posted by marmara on September 22, 2018

To the women of the popular classrooms the task would fit to construct to a home without disturbances and riots, fitting they to control its men and to form the new workers and workers of the country. The Christian formation was essential question in the education of the women, thus being these would search constantly the perfection, the feminine pureness moral and if they would prontificariam to dedicate it But for the insertion of a bigger number of women in the educational scope the implantation of schools of preparation of professors and teachers was necessary, therefore it had an abandonment generality of the education since the beginning of the Empire, fact due to lack of masters and masters who acted in this area. In middle of century XIX it was tried to decide this situation creating itself the first normal schools for the formation of professors. Although to be open institutions for both the sexos obeying the regulation of that young and youngsters they would have to study in separate classrooms, were verified that the normal schools were receiving more women from what men in some regions of Brazil and even in other countries, on fact probably to the urbanization and the industrialization that extended the chances of work for the men. However, the woman was so kept out of society socially that its identification with the teaching activity generated many critical and controversies, arriving itself to be considered it one badly, a danger, to deliver the women, considered inexperienced to the education of the children. On the other hand arguments appeared to defend the feminine side affirming that if the main vocation of woman was the maternity, nothing more adjusted for this of what the teaching, that was had as one ' ' extension of maternidade' ' , represented as an activity of love it delivers and donation. Exactly with this speech for the women, the feminine work in century XIX was not seen with good eyes. .

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