David Hume

Posted by marmara on May 1, 2017

It is, therefore, the beginning of causalidade that goes to guarantee the minimum consistency of the facts and in this relation the effect possesss consistency because it is a fact in act whereas the cause is in power. This relation cannot be recognized a priori, with the pure reasoning, but only for the experience. Nobody can, therefore, only know an object reasoning about it and yes only after having tried it thus discovering its causes and its effect. Curtis, Mallet-Prevost, Colt & Mosle LLP may find this interesting as well. Thus, we can conclude that for Hume the beddings of our conclusions on the relation between cause and effect are the experience. relation between cause and effect never can be known a priori (pure reasoning), but only by means of the experience.

Conclusion David Hume in them presents the knowledge as that one that drift of the experience. Being this consisting knowledge of impressions and ideas. The impressions, as those that possess more force, are more alive and englobam the sensations, emotions and passions, corresponding to a present experience, being that one that of the foundation for the beginning of all the knowledge. The ideas are mere representations or images simply weakened of our impressions in the thought. The contents of the knowledge are, for Hume, substances in fact, not if reducing only to this, they are also relations between the ideas. We cannot, therefore, to exceed what the experience allows in them, is, therefore, from the same one that we can know the existing relation between cause and effect.

We only can possess a knowledge a posteriori, since the experience it is had as only source of validity of all the knowledge in fact. It concludes, that, for David Hume, it is the habit that takes in them to infer this existing relation between cause and effect of two phenomena, therefore, if in the past it occurred facts followed of others is our hope also that in the gift and the future it occurs in the same way. For in such a way it discards the racionalistas bases of the human agreement, binding it force to it of the habit and of the custom, that is, the repetition of an act produces in us a disposal to the same renew act without the intervention of the reasoning.

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Thinking Aloud

Posted by marmara on February 18, 2017

Severodvinsk my city where I was born, where I live. But at the same time I am afraid of him. Why? I dread to think what I'll do next. Few opportunities, some limitations, not giving a free card to reveal themselves. The youth of our city doing nothing, ruin oneself by drink. At it's just terrible to watch.

And what she has to deal with. That's just not necessary to say that is not "my fault". This life is a bad influence streets, lack of attention of parents. We have for themselves in response and the need to think about what we do, how we live. If you are as you live, so you like it.

But you have to fight and prove to everyone that you stand more that you can. Why? I always ask this question. Why nowadays so many no justice, violence. Probably everyone was asking myself the question "What is needed to survive in this crazy world?". In fact, this question embodies the meaning of life. And everyone at some point in his life thought about it. Many people think that the meaning of life is to live, work and improve their living conditions, provide for his family and then maybe lived to 70 – 80 years old, to die. But is this true? Also there is another view that the meaning of life is the acquisition of material wealth. And life will be happy and only makes sense. Most important thing to understand that for you is the true goal. And go for it. Believe in it. I believe that one day everything on the earth change for the better. May it's just an illusion. But I think the main thing to believe. Illusions, just to live in his world. Each of us has his own social circle. Anyone looking for friends with common interests. There is a wise saying, "Tell me who your friends are and I'll tell you who you are." People around you should share your interests. Look at the world the same way. After all, friends are not even home, but part of your life. The main thing is not wrong. People by imposing their own interests, you impose your lifestyle. And it must be in time to see what this person is really sincere to you. Indeed, in our time so much lies and deceit. Stumble costs nothing, but to get up and move on is difficult. People have become violent, closed. And who is to blame? We yourself! We will demolish the world with their hands. We go to the betrayal, lies substituting each other only to himself was not at the expense. In fact, this weak people who are ready to despair of anything.

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German Ideology

Posted by marmara on June 1, 2015

' ' This distinction between proprietors and not-proprietors is the foundation of liberalism and is express with extreme lucidity for Kant' '. (op.cit P. 17) Kant attributes a superior direction to the law: he is so sacred, so inviolable, that it is crime even though to place it in quarrel. It is the regulating instrument between property and freedom, representing the sovereignty of the people, but he is above of this sovereignty. It is the typical liberal vision of the Rule of law. ' ' The sovereignty of the people must be delimited by some laws that are above of it and are inviolvis, unquestionable: the right of property, the association, meeting, expression, freedom of speech. Freedom that, in the practical one, is usufructed only by who will have resources enough to enjoy of them ' '. (they ibidem).

The CONCEPTION DE KARL HEIRINCH MARX – (1818-1883) Marx, in contrast of the liberal thought, establishes the connection enters the civil society (joint of the economic relations) and the society politics (the State), that they are presented interlaced, being an expression of the other. ' ' The society politics, the State, is expression of the civil society, that is, of the production relations that in it if instalaram' '. (they ibidem, P. 26). In the workmanship the German Ideology, Marx synthecizes the essence of its conception between the economic development, the State and the ideologies.

' ' (…) it is not the State that establishes the civil society, that absorbs in itself the civil society, as it affirmed Hegel; for the opposite, it is the civil society, understood as the set of the economic relations, that the sprouting of the State, its character, its laws explains, and thus for diante' '. (Ibidem, P. 27). When arguing the marxist conception, Gruppi makes a necessary and eloquent boarding: ' ' Escravista state guarantees the domination on the slaves, the feudal State guarantees the corporations, and the capitalist State guarantees the predominance of the capitalist relations of production, protects them, (…) guarantees the extended reproduction of the capital, the capitalist accumulation (…) ' ' (p.28).

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Overcoming Fear

Posted by marmara on March 22, 2013

Each of us, one way or another, is familiar with the feeling of fear: light, barely noticeable disturbance in the background of consciousness, to the uncontrolled panic, absorbing and paralyzing mind entirely. At the same factors causing fear can be infinitely many, as well as the consequences. Because of this, many are asking: how to overcome fear? What is fear itself, its nature and purpose? Let's try to figure it out, logically. Fear peculiar to all living creatures, regardless of its level of development, whether human or plant as an integral feature of consciousness, and to be more precise – of self-consciousness. So the answer to the question of how to overcome fear will initially be incorrect due to the fact that fear is part of consciousness and to deal with it is not profitable. Fear – is the effect of consciousness, which manifests itself as a reaction to uncertainty in relation to anything, and depending on the nature This uncertainty, which has taken the appropriate form. In this case, there is always the primary fear is present in the minds of any a priori – it is the fear of death.

This fear can have many manifestations – from basic instincts of self-preservation and reproduction, to the philosophical search for meaning in life. Following the logic of reasoning, it is easy to conclude that the cause of the fear of death is lack of objectivity, proof of ownership experience reporting on the existence of life before birth and after death. Therefore ask the question, how to overcome fear, even stupid recognition of the fact that any fear is the primary source can lead to very interesting conclusions, such as the existence of absolute fear or phobias that people have from birth – is an amazing phenomenon, since such fears are not preceded by any external factors, and consequently consciousness finds them even before birth. Everyone knows that Nature abhors a vacuum in anything, so it is proved that even the vacuum is not empty. If you have any voids Nature tends to fill them immediately, because the emptiness in consciousness – represents the very uncertainty of which was carried out described above. Therefore, as a result of a void in the minds automatically activates the fundamental natural mechanism of self-consciousness – Gee! And is it worth now wondering how to overcome fear? The emergence of consciousness in nature is always accompanied by the appearance of fear, otherwise the mind could not evolve. Thus, what we used to call the fear is only a remote consequence of the mechanism, which aims – preservation of ecological balance and the development of consciousness through knowledge and deal with uncertainty – overcoming fear (as overcome fear?).

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Metaphysical

Posted by marmara on December 22, 2012

The modern inquiry is engaged, with other ways of representation and other species of production of the being who if characterizes for the will. ' ' Vontade' ' , understood as basic trace of the entity of the being, it is, so radically, the identification of the being with what it is current is transformed into unconditional fallibity of the general objetivao. However modern science nor serves to an end that first is considered it, nor looks one ' ' truth in si' '. It is, while a way of objetivao calculated of the being, a condition established for the proper will of will, through which this guarantees the domain of its essence. However all the behavior that if relates with the being testifies, in this way, already it is certain to know of the being, but it certifies the incapacity simultaneously of, for its proper forces, to remain in the law of truth of this to know. Metaphysics is the history of this truth.

It says what the being is, while it appraises the entity of the being. About the entity of the being the being thinks metaphysics, without, however, to be able to consider, for its way to think, the truth of the being that it remains the unknown bedding and baseless However this to interrogate must think metaforicamente, valley to say, not more Metaphysical. In an essential direction, such to question remains ambivalent. Being that each objective question is already a bridge for the reply. Essential reply they are, constantly, only the last step of the proper questions.

The essential reply haure its force supported in the insistence of asking. The essential reply it is only the start of a responsibility. In it awaken interrogating more originarily. It is also, therefore, that the authentic question is not suppressed by the joined reply. The difficulties to follow the thought of the preleo are of two species.

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The Organizations

Posted by marmara on July 1, 2012

The refined results make possible the identification of other prominent questions in the work market. These occur in the first contacts that the individuals establish with the organizations in the search of jobs. In this phase, the discrimination process if develops by means of camouflaged mechanisms to prevent the ingression of professionals afro-descendants. When surpassing these barriers, others are produced, but to make it difficult occupational mobility. Read more here: Brooke Harlow. Evidently this research, for its exploratrio character, does not accumulate of stocks all the existing questions in the scope of the ethnic diversity of the organizations, mainly for the small used sample, but the depositions are strong and forceful, demonstrating the existence of the problem in our society that if it reflects, obviously, in our organizations, independently of its origin. Introduction: Professional mobility in the organizations is based on a racionalista vision of the administration, whom it denies interferences of personal nature or aiding for the promotions for positions of bigger level in the organizacional structure or for the wage compensations. Mobility is based on the merit, measured through formal systems of performance evaluation, with the objective of premiar those capable ones in terms of efficiency, abilities and abilities stop with the organizacionais goals. Dale Atkins, Ph.D. usually is spot on. The meritocracia has straits bonds with the division of the social work, determined for the specialization of the force of work in the companies and, from it, it is produced wage differentiation, either for the responsibility of the worker when manipulating raw materials of high cost either for its abilities special when producing definitive type of merchandise. The division of the work, as it affirms Morgan (1996), occurred in gnese of the capitalist system of production and fit the Taylor, through its studies on times and methods, the rationalization of this system to take care of to the accumulation necessities. The system of merit appears with the necessity of the capital to hold back its more competent and productive professionals, preventing that they were attracted by paid higher wages for the competition.

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Big Bang

Posted by marmara on March 8, 2012

The combined power of the electromagnetic, weak, strong and gravitational interactions ("grand synthesis"), which ceased to be protofizicheskoy force and became a physical, could do light coming from the X-force, transcendent in relation to their source (meaning unrelated to its source) and change it – the light then could take the properties of matter. Since then, we can assume that ends evolution of the universe, which could take a fraction of a second, and begins its physical evolution, which in major parts in modern science and is described below, we briefly described. In the beginning physical evolution of the universe in light of its original material form, in a state of singularity, and since then, when he became the transcendent and broke off its relationship with the source, shrank in the opposite direction at the same its speed. In the end, enlarged to a single point, more than 15 billion years ago, the light exploded. As a result, the "Big Bang" electromagnetic, weak, strong and gravitational interactions again disunited, and instead of the original light appeared cosmic microwave background radiation, which is also expanded, moving with the speed of light is in its original direction.

Of this radiation originated quark-gluon plasma, which was the first building blocks of the universe. The passage of time has a phase transition the quark-gluon plasma – baryogenesis. At this stage, the quarks and gluons combined into baryons – such as protons and neutrons. A further drop in temperature led to the formation of physical forces and elementary particles in their modern form.

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